The in/visible

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InvisibleCover1.jpg

ISBN: 978-1-60785-265-0

edited by Clare Birchall

Contents


Introduction

Given that the essence of the invisible lies in our inability to see it, the large number of cultural attempts to represent and mobilise it as metaphor presents an irony. The use of invisibility as a trope dates back at least to the legend of Gyges, discussed in Plato's Republic, written around 360 BC. Gyges discovers a ring that makes him invisible; the advantage this bestows helps him to win a kingdom. Ancient etymology indicates that the name of Hades, Greek god of the underworld, means ‘invisible’ and in mythology, a helmet, rather than a ring, enables Hades to escape detection (Roman & Roman, 2009: 182). More recently, H.G. Wells warned of its dangers, exploring the suspicion and havoc invisibility can wreak; Queen have sung about its appeal; and Harry Potter dons an invisibility cloak to vanquish dark forces in the first book. In philosophy, at least for Merleau-Ponty and Derrida, albeit in different ways, the possibility of perception relies on the difference between the visible and invisible (see Reynolds, 2004). After Adam Smith, economists refer to the ‘invisible hand’ of the market: indicating a supposedly self-regulating entity. In terms of identity politics the invisible is used as a marker of the marginalised and voiceless – unrecognised by the state or society and without power, they are effectively invisible. Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man, for example, begins: ‘I am an invisible man. No, I am not a spook like those who haunted Edgar Allan Poe; nor am I one of your Hollywood-movie ectoplasms. I am a man of substance, of flesh and bone, fibre and liquids - and I might even be said to possess a mind. I am invisible, understand, simply because people refuse to see me’ (1952: 1). As a result of all this cultural activity around the invisible, the strangeness, the absence, the alterity that attracts us, and encourages us to find ways to represent invisibility through existing paradigms, is undoubtedly domesticated. (more)

Invisible Web

Dirk Lewandowski and Philipp Mayr 
Exploring the Academic Invisible Web
Jayant Madhavan, Loredana Afanasiev, Lyublena Antova and Alon Halevy 
Harnessing the Deep Web: Present and Future
Makeuseof 
10 Search Engines to Explore the Deep Web

Black Holes

Ted Jacobson and Thomas P. Sotiriou 
Might Black Holes Reveal their Inner Secrets?
Alberto Sesana, Jonathan Gair, Emanuele Berti, Marta Volonteri 
Reconstructing the Massive Black Hole Cosmic History through Gravitational Waves
J.Hillis Miller 
Boustrophedonic Reading: Black Holes

Invisibility Cloak

Xianzhong Chen, Yu Luo, Jingjing Zhang, Kyle Jiang, John B. Pendry and Shuang Zhang 
Macroscopic Invisibility Cloaking of Visible Light
Yangbo Xie, Huanyang Chen, Yadong Xu, Lin Zhu, Hongru Ma, and Jian‐Wen Dong 
An Invisibility Cloak Using Silver Nanowires
Huanyang Chen and Che Ting Chan, Shiyang Liu and Zhifang Lin 
A Simple Route to a Tunable Electromagnetic Gateway
Shuang Zhang, Dentcho A. Genov, Cheng Sun, Xiang Zhang 
Cloaking of Matter Waves
Moti Fridman, Alessandro Farsi, Yoshitomo Okawachi, Alexander L.Gaeta 
Demonstration of Temporal Cloaking

Dark Matter

Mark J. Hadley 
Classical Dark Matter
Vincenzo Vitale, Aldo Morselli 
Indirect Search for Dark Matter from the center of the Milky Way with the Fermi-Large Area Telescope
H. L. Helfer 
On the Interpretation of the Local Dark Matter
Andreus Albrecht et al. 
Report of the Dark Energy Task Force
Cosmos Video News Release – 'Dark Matter 3D Map' Open in YouTube 

Stealth

F. P. Neele, M. Wilson and K. Youern 
'Stealth' Technology: Proposed New Method of Interpretation of Infrared Ship Signature Requirements
David Hambling 
Vanishing Point
Gene Poteat 
Stealth, Countermeasures and ELINT 1960-1975
Trevor Paglen 
Invisible
YF-22 and YF-23 - Stealth Technology 

Seeing and Unseeing

Holly C. Miller, Rebecca Rayburn-Reeves, and Thomas R. Zentall 
What Do Dogs know about Hidden Objects?
Gary Lupyan and Michael J. Spivey 
Making the Invisible Visible: Verbal but Not Visual Cues Enhance Visual Detection
Michael Wolf 
The Transparent City
Geraint Rees 
The Anatomy of Blindsight

Microscopic

Willard Wigan 
Micro Sculptor
Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B.S. Luk'yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, M. Hong 
Optical Virtual Imaging at 50 nm Lateral Resolution with a White Light Nanoscope

What this Living Book Might've Looked Like if I Were a Physicist

'Invisibility', Physicsworld, Vol.24, No.7, July 2011

Attributions

A 'Frozen' PDF Version of this Living Book

Download a 'frozen' PDF version of this book as it appeared on 7th October 2011
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